The lack of vitamin D causes rickets. It is enough for the doctor “to call” a child rickets as the parents begin to take decisive steps to rescue the child as quickly as possible. And in fact, many scientists do not consider rickets (its light manifestations, of course) as a disease. What kind of a disease is this, when all kids have it in one form or another?
Vitamin D (ergocalciferol) regulates metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Vitamin D is produced in the skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Very often a child gets very little these rays because of the climatic conditions (life above the Arctic Circle, he was born in the winter time), the lack of exposure to fresh air, etc. Since the prevention of rickets is not too much difficult and does not require significant investment, it must be still prevented.
Permanent prevention is the most efficient method. As long as the baby is breastfed, his mom takes vitamin D or 1 drop of ergocalciferol oil solution 1 time every 3 days (1,400 units in the drop). From the moment when the other food (yogurt, cereal) begins to exceed 1/3 part of the total daily amount of food, vitamin D is given to the child – 2 drops per week are enough. For a child who is bottle-fed adapted baby formula, 1 drop per week is enough (infant formulas contain vitamin D). If the child (or the nursing mom) spends at least half an hour in the sun (I mean when the sun rays fall on the skin. And if you are in a fur coat and the baby in the closed stroller you better take Vitamin D), it is not necessary to take vitamin D. Therefore, prevention of rickets is relevant first of all from October to March.
Do absolutely all children need to take vitamin D?
Of course 100% of the children require vitamin D not all year round but, of course, in the winter time. It is important not to overdo here, for overdose is often more dangerous than shortage. Therefore, it must be understood that if the child needs to take 400 units a the day and you give him 800 units – it is not dangerous, but if you are going to give several thousands of units, in order to treat a nonexistent rickets, and to feed baby infant formulas, which include vitamin D – then anything can happen. And by the way, if speaking of a normal child there can be exceptions, the premature babies mandatory require vitamin D. And very often it happens that only Vitamin D is not enough to prevent rickets. It is recommended that premature babies take not only Vitamin D but also calcium and phosphorus.