I do not intend to strictly regulate baby nutrition actions. With all your interest you will not find instruction of the type: “When the child is one month of age it is required to start giving this, and in five months – that.” My goal is to simplify the task and to allow parents to make the right decisions using logic and common sense.
It should be noted that a focus on a certain age doesn’t matter. Every child is individual with individual needs. Let’s ask for advice from Nature. Can you imagine a woman cooking vegetable soup for her 5 month old baby 1-2 thousand years ago?
From the point of view of Nature, human baby is designed for breast milk and only for it. After the teeth have appeared, a child has an opportunity to eat what dad brought from hunting and what mom found. Of course, parents can help the baby – to chew meat or a tasty root in their mouths and to give him not solid but liquid meal. But it is unlikely that someone of them will do that as long as the child has no teeth and mother has milk.
It is impossible to assume that Nature is wrong! This is contrary to reason, and there is a great number of consequences of contradictions around us, the victims of civilization. And people perceive some things that are absolutely meaningless from the point of view of Nature, as absolute truth.
Not only all the mothers, but also all people, know perfectly well that a child should be given fruit juices starting from 1 month of age.
People even argue about what the best juices are (apple, carrot, peach, orange, etc.) and how much (1 drop, 2 drops, a glass, etc.). But why? Think yourself. Of course it is difficult to change opinion you were holding for many years. The child does not get enough vitamins? Well, let a nursing mother eat an apple. Why a carrot eaten by the mother is worse than a drop of carrot juice eaten by the child?
Babies under the first six months of life are not designed for fruits and vegetables, as well as for meat and egg yolk.
– Everything was all right up to one month of age, then diathesis appeared… (it’s time to get juices)
– We only gave him yolk – the next day diarrhea appeared. We were taken to the hospital …
– He doesn’t sleep at night, is crying – has tummy ache. Poor baby. And we gave him liver, caviar, granddaddy bought a mango this morning …
– No vaccinations, he has a terrible diathesis. We even boil orange juice for him …
There are lots of examples from life. It is sometimes even amazing how the “achievements” of civilization weaned people from logical thinking. And the greatest human mistake is in the constant attempts to treat the child separately from his natural roots.
A certain age can’t be a criterion that it is time to diversify food for the baby. And another criterion is necessary – a biological one – appearance of teeth. And we, due to this, can state one of the most important rules of feeding baby: before appearance of teeth baby must eat only dairy products.
This rule allows us:
– not to waste efforts on learning treatises on rational feeding babies;
– not to waste money on unnecessary baby products;
– not to waste time on their cooking;
– not to treat the consequences of “proper nutrition”.
If this rule is clear, it will be easy to remember also principles of feeding children.
The principles are presented rather briefly, with no completeness and comprehensiveness – there’s no need for this.
From the moment of birth until the appearance of teeth the basic infant feeding is:
Providing the child with essential nutrients and vitamins is based on:
1. complete nutrition of his breastfeeding mother;
2. acquisition of adapted baby formulas of high quality during artificial feeding;
3. combination of the first and the second feedings during the mixed feeding.
Up to 5 months of age nothing but:
1. breast milk (breastfeeding);
2. adapted baby formula (artificial feeding);
3. breast milk and adapted baby formula (mixed feeding).
From 5-7 months of age (depending on the amount of mother’s milk) one of the feedings (optimally in the range from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m.) should consist of yogurt + cottage cheese. It is better to add cottage cheese into yoghurt and feed the baby with a spoon. Add sugar in moderate amounts depending on the taste of yogurt.
A month later after adding yogurt and cottage cheese one more feeding is replaced, the last one is desirable before the night sleep. The child starts getting milk porridge (rice, semolina, buckwheat, oats). It is better to cook porridge with milk – buckwheat, rice, oatmeal.
After the appearance of the first tooth gradually add fruit juice (puree) into food, egg yolk, vegetable soup (first cooked on water, and then on low-fat meat broth) and later on with meat.
Any new food is added to the diet gradually and carefully. First, a few spoons (or a few sips) and finish feeding baby familiar food (breast milk, a formula).
Watch the baby’s reaction – behavior, skin rash, sleep, poop. If everything goes well, then increase the dose, but not very fast. If something is wrong – postpone this food and do not start new experiments until painful symptoms disappear. Never feed your baby anything new if he is ill, as well as for 3 days before and 3 days after any vaccination.
If the baby refuses any food do not insist! His body knows better than you whether it is necessary or not. Although it is easy to cheat Nature. After tangerine juice, for example, the baby will surely be smiling. But it is likely that after a while the whole family will not be smiling.
Our main task is to save the baby’s health, and the older the baby, the less dangerous experiments with nutrition are for him. But always be very careful with the genetically strange foods. Follow the rule: you don’t need the food your great-great-grandfather didn’t eat. Children in families with low income are rarely ill, first of all because they did not have enough money to buy overseas delicacies.
Children’s liver is one of the weakest organs, and even in a completely healthy and normally developing child it finally “matures” and becomes like an adult’s one at about 12 years. Any particles that were not digested (those that cause allergies) should be neutralized and eliminated from the body. And the liver plays the primary role in this process. As the child grows, many products that cause severe diathesis are tolerated quite good – liver matures.
Therefore, if chocolate, strawberry or orange juice cause signs of allergy in the child (rash, itching, diarrhea while the body temperature is normal), it does not mean that the baby is forever doomed to separation from chocolate. Wait a little.
Every pediatrician knows that children get sick more often on Mondays. And you know why? Because on Sundays families go to visit the grandparents whose measure of love is unfortunately food.
Actions after feeding
Most of the children (the younger the child, the more often) experience irresistible desire to sleep by the end of feeding. Well, that’s good. In daytime let him sleep on the balcony, at nighttime – in the crib: have a rest together. If the baby ate but does not want to sleep let him be awake. After the meal, the child, has a good mood as the great and he will not be capricious. Let lie in his own bed: optimally – nude and do not swaddle him, until you notice that he began to “be bored”.
Infants are prone to regurgitations. If this happens frequently, let him stay in an upright position for 10-20 minutes after each feeding.