The source of the formation of speech sounds is the air stream coming out of the lungs through the larynx, pharynx, mouth, or nose. Proper breathing enables normal speech sound formation, creates conditions for the maintenance of normal speaking volume, strict pauses, fluency of expression and intonation.
Speech breathing disorders can be caused by the general weakness, adenoid vegetations, various cardiovascular diseases, etc.
Such speech breathing imperfections as the inability to make exhale rationally, to speak while inhaling the air, incomplete renewal of air supply, etc., affecting negatively the development of children’s speech, may be due to the improper upbringing, lack of attention of adults to the children’s speech. Children with weak inhalation and exhalation speak softly, as a rule, and have difficulties uttering long sentences. Irrational spending of air causes speech fluency disorders because children have to inhale air in the middle of a sentence. Often, such a child does not finish words and often whispers them at the end of the phrases. Sometimes, to finish a long sentence, he is forced to speak while inhaling the air, and as a result the speech becomes unclear, jerky, and the child speaks choking. Shortened exhalation forces him to speak phrases at an accelerated pace, without any logical pauses.
When starting developing speech breathing in the child, it is first necessary to form a strong smooth exhale with the mouth. Here it is necessary to teach the child to control the time of exhalation, to spend the air frugally. Additionally, the ability to direct the air flow in the right direction is being developed in the child.
When playing games enhancing breath development you need to constantly monitor the accuracy of breath.
Remember the rules of the correct mouth exhalation:
– inhalation is preceded by a strong exhalation through the nose – “taking a deep breath”;
– exhalation is smooth, not jerky;
– during exhalation the lips are folded as a tube, do not close the lips and blow the cheeks;
– during exhalation the air flows out through the mouth, do not let it flow through the nose (if the child exhales through the nose, you can pinch his nostrils so that he feels how the air must flow out);
– it is necessary to exhale until the air flows out completely;
– while singing or talking the air should not be exhaled additionally by frequent short breaths.
When playing the games aimed to develop the child’s breathing, you should remember that the breathing exercises quickly fatigue the child and can even cause dizziness. Therefore, these games should be limited in time (you can use a sandglass) and be sure to alternate them with other activities.