Autistic children are special kids; they play special games and preform special activities. For the activities to be interesting and promote your little one’s development, it’s good if you know what games you can play and what areas you should better develop.
Here’s a list of activities for autistic children. Hopefully, you’ll find it useful and define what and how to teach your little one.
Imitation is very important. Many autistic children can hardly imitate, you should teach your little one. Choose a few simple movements not similar to each other and begin to train them. Use a random order. Ask your child to imitate at different times and places. Make sure that the child learns to imitate and doesn’t just perform the learned actions or order. Perhaps, your child will find it easier to start imitating using objects, toys, or household items. Try different options. Always encourage your child, be consistent and teach him to perform actions with your help and then by himself.
The following exercises can help you:
– domestic imitation: take a broom, a rag, a brush, do as I do;
– imitation of knocking, rhythmic knocking on the table or a pan with a spoon;
– raise one arm, one leg, turn around, sit down, stand up, lie down, stand still;
– press, beat, tear off, kick, get something;
– onomatopoeia: any sound, sh-sh-sh-sh, the sound of Indians: a palm over the mouth, etc.;
– clap, flow, wave;
– hands up, down, sideways; hands on hips; swimming and marching;
– air kiss, bye-bye, greeting;
– imitation of drawing a line, a curve, a wave;
– show the nose, ears, eyes of a doll or Teddy Bear;
– play with dolls, feed them, cover them with blankets and put them to sleep;
– imitation with plasticine: make a “sausage” or a “pancake”; stick straws, matches in it;
– open the mouth, poke the tongue out, pull lips, etc. Pactice in front of the mirror;
– smile, turn head to the sides “no-no”, nod “yes”; perform a pointing gesture with the head;
– shake hands, show how old the child is, raise a thumb, clench and unclench fists;
– cover face with the hands, jump, raise one arm or leg, cross arms and legs;
– actions with everyday items: put on a hat, put the phone up to the ear, drink from a cup, comb hair, brush the teeth, wipe the mouth.
Teach you child:
– to respond to his name, to respond to call;
– to perform simple instructions and requests;
– to point at the desired subject;
– to come when called (an assistant helps here);
– to sit, to stay, to go when asked;
– relation of objects; to give the identical item; to find the other part;
– to give, to put, to take, to collect when asked;
– to respond to question “where?” (a subject, nose, mother, etc.);
– to get to know himself and members of the family in the photos;
– to distinguish the names of close people;
– to bring and give the items when asked;
– self-awareness, awareness of his body; contour drawing of hands, face, legs;
– to recognize himself in the mirror.
Fine and gross motor skills
– To catch the ball, to throw the ball, to roll the ball to the mother or to the wall;
– skittles of the household objects: to topple them with a ball;
– to play football, basketball, golf, hockey, etc.;
– to go up and down stairs, to jump, to run;
– games with water, ice, in the basin, with containers, bathing;
– to put beads, small items, stones, buttons, beans into small boxes, bottles;
– to throw objects into a box or a jar, to put them into bags or moneyboxes;
– draw with fingers and palms;
– decorate a box or a bag to store a variety of small items in;
– to draw on his body – this helps your child to know himself better;
– to play with Lego, mosaics, fridge magnets, magnetic alphabet, etc.;
– activities with plasticine, jelly, dough: to touch, to knead, to tear, to cut; to roll “sausages”, balls; to attach small items or cereal on the dough; to spread and press it down with templates;
– to pour cereals from one container into another; to play with cotton wool, beads, buttons;
– clothespins on a box or a jar: to attach and remove;
– to press the buttons, to open the doors, to switch on and switch off the lights, to place a key in the lock, etc.;
– to thread beads or buttons, eyelets, hooks;
– to fold the paper in half, cut it with scissors;
– games with sand. Autistic children love it so much!
Exploring the world
– To sort two or three objects (buttons, beads, utensils, shoes, color, etc.);
– ratio of objects and pictures;
– to sort images or objects by classes (e.g. clothing, animals, household items);
– to read individual words, find a pair: word-object, word-word; to spread letters along the contours;
– to put the bricks, Lego items, and other objects on the marked space (outline the items ahead of time);
– to find a pair of different items (different shoes, spoons of different materials);
– whose mother, whose tail;
– to build blocks according to the pattern, lines, bridges, towers;
– ratio of figures in size, Matrioshka dolls, cups, boxes;
– bingo, domino, to place an item on the appropriate picture;
– to recognize sounds: to fill different boxes with different items and rattle;
– to recognize a musical instrument, a different number of repeated knocks like a spoon on the table;
– ratio of objects in size from large to small or vice versa, with a sample and without it.
Social interaction, communication
– kissing: teach your child to kiss, to hug; praise him; let him kiss his both mom and dad when asked, run to be hugged tight;
– to help mom: to throw the garbage, hang linen out, water the flowers. Praise your kid for the help;
– to play hide and seek: choose three places in the room (you need an assistant who will hide together with your child); look for the kid, actively rejoice, hug, praise the child, and then hide yourself in the same places and let both the child and his dad find you;
– play together with the cars, put a doll to sleep and feed it, build a tower in turn, kick a ball, etc.;
– tug of war;
– splash water, swim in the pool or in a sea with the child;
– give and take items, praise your child if he has brought you something at your request or on his own initiative, give him something in your turn, interact with him;
– provoke your child to ask you about something, to contact with you; hide the desired toys and the things interesting to your kid high but in a visible place. Then he will ask for help more often.
– teach the child to show where it hurts. Put a toy under his shirt or tie it to his leg. Once the child notices it, ask: “Is something wrong? Where does it hurt? Mom helps! ” And eliminate the inconvenience. Do this exercise until the child understands that he needs to ask you for help.
These are the areas you can and need to develop, and the list of games and activities can help you with that. The list is approximate, that’s the beginning, the basics. Choose the ones you need, consider your kid’s interests and what he likes. Be creative, play, learn, make education fun and joyful both for you and your child.
And remember: whatever you do together with the child, whatever you teach him about, anyway, you do a great job! The main thing is that the child has little time to be alone. Walk, swim in the pool, play in the games room, go to your friends’ place and kindergarten. Do not let your little autistic one get bored. Now everything is in your hands, the more you play with the child, the more progress you have. You will notice this very quickly, no matter what you teach your child about, his general condition will improve every day.