Ovulation signs are a way your body tells you that you are ready to conceive a baby: during the time when an egg travels from an ovary to uterus you have the best chance to get pregnant. Signs of ovulations are very individual for every woman; some are ovulating regularly at the same time of the month, while with others it may be variable.
These are the symptoms that will help you identify your fertile days:
1. ovarian pain;
2. change in cervical mucus;
3. change of body temperature;
4. change in hormone level.
Lower abdominal pain (ovulation pain)
Mittelschmerz is what medics officially call a number of ovulation signs that are followed by painful sensations in lower abdominal — sharp cramps or twitches of pain on the right or on the left side of lower abdominal that women can feel about two weeks before their period starts. Usually pain doesn’t last long (from two minutes to a couple of hours), but some women can feel it for a day or two. About 20% of women complain of ovulation pain. So far the possible reasons for mittelschmerz are unknown. There is an argument that it can be caused by irritation of a mucous membrane when an egg leaves the ovary. Mittelschmerz can occur every month or irregularly. In case you are experiencing it for the first time, it is necessary that you consult your doctor to make sure the painful sensations are not caused by infection or other serious issues.
Change in cervical mucus
It’s not always possible to find a good time for studying your vaginal discharge but these simple manipulations can help you identify your fertile days. Cervical mucus is formed in the cervical canal and its nature can be different depending on what phase your menstrual cycle is in at the moment. Sometimes you can see it on the inner side of your underwear or on a pice of toilet paper. You can also check its status by touching vulva carefully or by inserting a clean finger into your vagina. By identifying variations in your cervical mucus regularly during the entire menstrual cycle you will be able to notice a certain pattern. Vaginal secretions are abundant right after your period but in several days they become scanty and at this point they have sticky rubbery texture. As ovulation approaches mucus discharge gets thin and reminds cream of whitish or yellowish hue. A couple of days before ovulation and during ovulation mucus becomes clear, slimy and springy. This is when your ability to get pregnant comes to its highest point. After the ovulation ends vaginal discharge changes again, it gets sticky or vanishes completely till the next cycle.
In some cases cervical mucus is very scanty and women have difficulties with noticing any changes. Besides, various contraceptives and vaginal ovules also make the process of monitoring cervical mucus quite complicated. Women who recently had uterine cervix surgery, as well as those who breastfeed or stopped using hormonal contraceptives (pills, plaster, injections) not so long ago can’t produce normal amounts of cervical mucus. Vaginal infections also make studying cervical mucus near to impossible as they make results quite misleading.
When you notice that your cervical mucus is slimy and clear, you can be sure that ovulation is about to happen: you can get pregnant during several days before it occurs and up to three days after it happens. When you have the “dry” days right after your period or just before it, the chance to get pregnant is the lowest.
Body temperature change
Variations in your basal body temperature can be a sign of ovulation too. Basal body temperature is measured in the morning right after you wake up and before you get up. During ovulation and right after it your basal body temperature increases.
To use this method of identifying ovulation you need a thermometer with division value of 0, 1 degree. Don’t use electric blankets while doing this; they will affect the natural temperature variations. Put the measurement results down into the special time schedule. You will be able to develop a general understanding of how your body works after three months of regular basal temperature measurement and scheduling. About two weeks before your period starts you should notice your basal temperature change by 0, 4 – 0, 8 degrees. Decrease in temperature means that ovulation has probably began. Your basal temperature will remain high till the next cycle begins.
Basal body temperature will not mark the exact ovulation time but it will allow to approximately identify days when your fertility is on its highest level: it’s three days before your basal temperature increases and a day after it.
Hormone level change
During menstrual cycle increase in luteinizing hormone (LH) level makes one of the ovaries release an egg. Ovulation usually occurs during 12-24 hours after LH level reaches its highest value. There are special tests or kits you can purchase in any drug store. They register the highest LH level in your urine. For doing the ovulation test, you need to hold a test stick under an urine stream or to put it into a vessel filled with your urine (depending on a test type) for a couple of seconds. Then check the results. Usually kits for making ovulation tests at home consist of several types of tests that should be enough for five or more days of testing. They need to be used in the middle of your menstrual cycle (a little bit earlier than two weeks before your period starts). This way you can find out when ovulation is to be expected.
Your fertile days are: three days before the LH surge and a day or two after it.
As you can see, it takes time and some effort to learn how your body works and when your ovulation begins. However, if you do want to get pregnant, these simple actions may not seem difficult at all.